The National Symbol
The above photos are from the racing stock of Achaltekin horses.
The Achaltekin (or Akhal-Teke) horse was
bred by the tribe Achal-Teke (Akhal-Teke) in the southern part of
Turkmenistan near the Iranian border. This horse is considered to be the
most pureblooded descendant of the ancient breed of the native Iranian
horses in the central Asia. He grew up on the steppes and deserts of
Turkmenistan. He is known for his toughness, endurance and his ability to
handle long rides in the sandy dessert terrain. During the summer
months at 120’ F the horse can daily cover a distance of 100 to 120 km
(about 60 to 75 miles). During the national endurance tests in the year
1935 the horses of this breed covered the distance from Ashgabat
4,300 km (2, 672 miles) long in 84 days; a part of this ride 1,000 km (622
miles) long led through waterless desert where there was no grass or
trails. The Achaltekin is from the Turkmens' horses relatively tallest
and most refined.
The head is medium long, straight
profile, slim nose, with small moving ears and with prominent, large eyes.
The neck is long, straight (often “U-neck") and relatively low set. The
withers is high, the chest is not too wide and not quite deep. The back is
long and soft with longer hindquarters that are well tied in with the back
in the loins. The legs are for most part correct with well-developed
muscles and clean (dry) tendons. The coat is short, shiny and lying down
tightly to the skin. In color the Achaltekin horses are grays, chestnuts
The breeding center of these
horses is the surrounding country around the city of Ashgabat. The Turkmen,
like the Arabs, remember the lines of their horses and traditionally they
are past from one generation to the next. Today there is kept state
registry of this breed (stud-book).
There were recognized 9 stallion lines from which five of them go to the stallion Boinou (Boynou) whose most prominent/potent grandsons formed separate lines, thus the line Boinou proliferated to five lines: Mele-Kusha, Mele-Tchena, Baba-Achuna, Doblet-Ishana and Bek-Nazar-Ala; also belonging to the line of Boinou are the lines of Vorona, Sultan-Guli and Tchopar-Keila.
Ludvik K Stanek a.k.a.
from the 1953 Special Zoo-Technique - Breeding of Horses
Published in 1953 by the Czechoslovakian Academy of Agricultural Science and certified by the Ministry of Agriculture.
Written by: MVDr Ludvik Ambroz, Frabtisek Bilek, MVDr Karel Blazek, Ing. Jaromir Dusek, Ing. Karel Hartman, Hanus Keil, pro. MVDr Emanuel Kral, Karel Kloubek, Ing. Dr. Frantisek Lerche, Ing. Dr Vaclav Michal, Ing. Dr Zdenek Munki, Ing. Vladimir Mueller, MVDr Julius Penicka, pro. MVDr Emil Pribyl, MVDr Lev Richter, prof. Ing. Dr Josef Rechta, MVDr Karel Sejkora and Ing. Dr Jindrich Steinitz.